Resources for Replacement, Refinement, and Reduction

A Step-by-Step Guide to Systematically Identify all Relevant Animal Studies. Review article in Laboratory Animals, 46:(24-31), 2012.

ALTWEB - Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing, The Johns Hopkins University

Animal Welfare Information Center

European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM)

FRAME - Organization in the UK promoting the Three R's in research and testing

Guide to Literature Searches for Animal Testing Alternatives- from University of Texas San Antonio Library.

Model Organisms for Biomedical Research - Mammalian and non-mammalian; Funding Opportunities. National Institutes of Health.

National Toxicology Program Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods (NICEATM) and the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM)

National Centre for Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research - UK organization that funds 3Rs research, organizes workshops and symposia, and develops 3Rs information resources and guidelines.

Netherlands Centre Alternatives to Animal Use - coordinating research and disseminating information on alternatives to animal experiments for the Netherlands.

NORINA (Norwegian Inventory of Alternatives) - a comprehensive collection of information on audiovisual aids and other alternatives to the use of animals in teaching, at all levels from junior school to University.

TSAR : Tracking System for Alternative test methods Review, Validation and Approval in the Context of EU Regulations on Chemicals

University of California Center for Animal Alternatives

Virtual Canine Anatomy - from Colorado State University. Free access to detailed anatomical dissections online



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